The essential point I would like to make in this section is that all that we are as human beings depends upon the image and likeness of God. First, if we eliminate God from the equation completely, human identity suffers on many levels, not just philosophically but practically (as is demonstrated in godless societies). Next, when God is part of the equation, our understanding of His nature and character has a tremendous influence on our view of life (relationships, responsibility, self-worth, character, etc.). I am beginning with the issue of moral agency as a foundational characteristic of God as one who is not under a system of causation but as one who chooses to be do as He does. There is not something beyond God that causes His behavior or that something would be God. This being a fact about God has a bearing on those created in His image and likeness. Human beings were not designed to operate under a system of causation but were granted moral capabilities (moral agency) whereby we are designed to choose to do what we do. This becomes foundational to understanding many other aspects of life on earth (the problem of evil, sin, responsibility, obligation, etc.). This also become important for properly understanding the greatest and most appropriate moral expression of which human beings are capable; love. Without moral capacity and genuine moral freedom, love is not possible.
“Your shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself.” (Lk.10:27)
“…love is the fulfillment of the law.” (Ro.13:10)